Why Nepal? That’s a great question.
There are approximately 28 million people living in Nepal.
Half of the population live below the poverty line,
earning less that $1.25 per day.
Only half of its citizens can read: only 35% of the literate are women.
Employment rates hover around 50%.
Millions of men continue to leave the country as migrant workers in the Middle East,
leaving women and children vulnerable to human traffickers.
Most of Nepal lives in the country or mountain regions. They are historically a “village” society, heavily dependent on agriculture, which provides sustenance and perhaps a small income to their families. Most Nepalis live in remote and hard-to-reach regions, where it can take two or three days on foot via mountain paths just to reach public transport. There is very little developed infrastructure outside of Nepal’s few big cities.
Only 17% of the Nepalese population live in urban centers, a statistic which increases yearly due to people seeking opportunities outside their village, particularly the younger generations. This rapid urbanization results in high levels of poverty because cities like Kathmandu cannot economically accommodate for the influx. Unemployment coupled with global inflation continues to widen the gap between “the have” and the “have nots”. The poor strive to put food on their table leaving little or nothing left to acquire “basic” services such as healthcare and education. That’s half of the population of Nepal.
Nepal’s recent civil war and continued political instability unleashed well-documented human rights abuses, including sexual violence against women, forced abortions to decrease the number of female children, female infanticide, and trafficking of women into prostitution. Even now, after the end of the civil war, there are more than 118 legal provisions as well as customs, rituals, and practices that directly discriminate against Nepalese women. Child marriage and child labor are a continuing problem, as is human trafficking, particularly after the two recent earthquakes. Educational differences also contribute to the low status of women—only 35% of Nepalese women are considered literate compared to 63% of men.
We have recently shifted our focus to a more all-encompassing view of the Nepali economy. While spending time in Nepal, we have come to learn about the massive movement of young Nepali men leaving the country seeking employment elsewhere. For more information, read this article in the New York Times. There are very few jobs for young men who have minimal education. As a result large “manpower” firms from outside the country prey on these willing young men, essentially tricking them in to indentured servitude in places like Saudi Arabia. While it may provide a salary, this is a scheme that takes men away from their families for months at a time, hijacks their passports and convinces them that their meager salary is worth the trade. Just like the fast-fashion garment industry, wealthy opportunists are building fake empires on the bones of the poor. With this understanding, MULXIPLY has broadened its mission to providing dignified work for men and women alike. A successful society cannot be built without equal opportunity and respect for both.
Preventative solutions including vocational opportunities are helping to lift Nepal out of poverty. There is however a great need for more opportunity! Nepal is a country rich with resources and hard-working people. It is an opportune environment to create a business or partner with existing businesses that need projects to sustain and expand their reach in providing gainful employment. Beauty is intrinsic to this country, not only in its proximity to the expansive Himalayas, but with its heritage of woven textiles, metalwork and wood-carving. While it is heart-breaking to see the fall-out corruption has reaped on this country, it is also in places like Nepal where hope and possibility are far-reaching.
And that is why GIVEGIVE chose Nepal to launch MULXIPLY.
All statistics from CIA World Factbook